Gum Infection

Do you have swollen, red, bleeding gums, or bad breath? This might indicate a gum infection which requires prompt treatment.
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What is a Gum Infection?

A gum infection is inflammation and infection of the gums caused by plaque and or/ tartar buildup on teeth. Poor oral hygiene contributes to symptoms like swollen, red gums, bleeding, and bad breath. Untreated, it can progress to severe periodontal disease, risking tooth loss.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth Cause


Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque to build up, leading to gum inflammation and infection.

Smoking or using tobacco products increases the risk of gum infections and hinders the healing process.

Diets high in sugars and carbohydrates contribute to plaque formation, fueling gum infections.

Genetic factors can influence susceptibility to gum disease, impacting the body’s immune response.

Certain health conditions, such as diabetes or immune system disorders, can elevate the risk of gum infections.

Hormonal fluctuations, such as during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause, may increase sensitivity to gum inflammation.

Some medications, like certain high blood pressure medications or antiepileptic medications , may affect oral health and contribute to gum problems.


The symptoms of a gum infection, include:

Swollen Gums

Inflammation and puffiness of the gums, especially along the gumline.

Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing, indicating irritation and inflammation.

Changes in the color of the gums, which may appear redder or purplish instead of a healthy pink.

Gums that are sensitive to touch or pressure.

Persistent bad breath that doesn’t improve with oral hygiene.

Gums that are pulling away from the teeth, exposing more of the tooth’s surface.

The presence of pus or other signs of infection between the teeth and gums.

Shifting or loosening of teeth due to weakened gum and bone support.

Increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures.

Gum Infection 21
Gum Infection 22


Maintain good oral hygiene
  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Use dental floss or interdental brushes daily to clean between teeth.
  • Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Limit sugary and starchy foods that contribute to plaque formation.
  • Avoid smoking and vaping

Schedule regular dental examinations and cleanings to detect and address potential issues early.


Improved oral hygiene

Thorough brushing and flossing to remove plaque and prevent further buildup.

  • Dental cleaning by a dental professional to remove plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from teeth and gums.
  • In cases where significant bone loss accompanies the gum infection, additional intervention for gum treatment may become necessary.

Regular maintenance appointments to monitor and manage gum health after initial treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Do I need antibiotics for my gum infection?

The word infection is almost always associated with Antibiotics. The mouth is a very different place in that for MOST dental infections, systemic Antibiotics (i.e. antibiotic tablets/liquid) are not very effective. The antibiotics are not effective in reaching the source of the infection and if anything, are just a band-aid approach to provide some temporary pain relief. This can be achieved with painkillers so that your body is not unnecessarily exposed to Antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem and we must be vigilant in our use of Antibiotics.

If there are signs and symptoms of a facial swelling or fever, then antibiotic use may be indicated. Other times may be due to certain pre-disposing medical factors.

Your case will be assessed on an individual basis but do not be surprised if your tooth / gum infection does not need antibiotics.

Entrust us with your dental care.
Give us a call, book an appointment online, or visit us.
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